In a statement during the COP21 in Paris on 1 December 2015, 30 vulnerable countries said that they want to limit global warming not to a max of +2 °C but to +1.5 °C by 2100.
This is also the position strongly defended by the Cousteau Society since the Copenhagen Conference (see our recent press release).
These states include countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America who consider themselves particularly exposed and vulnerable to the effects of climate change (eg . The Philippines , Bangladesh , Ethiopia , Ghana , Kenya, Afghanistan , Maldives, Costa Rica, Tuvalu, Vanuatu , Vietnam … ) .
Cousteau said “The impossible missions are the only ones who succeed.”
What matters most is to start toward a goal that is worth to get up and embark on the adventure of necessary changes every day!
To summarize the position of the Cousteau Society, which was published the day before the statement:
- Not 2 ° C / 450 ppm but up to + 1.5 ° C / 350 ppm by 2100, otherwise the fundamental ecological processes necessary to ocean health could be severely disturbed (acidification, coral bleaching, summer sea ice, etc ..)
- Getting to 100% renewable energy by 2050. A recent study proves that the marine renewable energies can cover alone 77% of our current needs.
- More broadly, not only decarbonise the economy but support the development of technologies that promote carbon fixing. As a reminder, since 3.8 billion years, the entire biosphere fixes much more carbon than emits, through almost exclusively using solar energy. Are we unable to do the same?
- Encourage the integrated approach rather than sectorial ones. They should be multidisciplinary and bridge climate and biodiversity issues (sixth mass extinction caused by humanity, marine species have declined by 39% between 1970 and 2010). Also integrate societal (as poverty alleviation) and technological challenges.
- As a symbolic measure of interdependence between environment, economy and technology, outlaw worldwide within 2 years the single use of plastic bags.
- Foster in inter-governmental agreements ecosystem based in management and not taking into account mostly political boundaries.
- Go from a current cover of marine protected areas of 3.4% of the Ocean surface, to at least 20% cover by 2020.
- Whether by states, businesses or citizens via crowdfunding , support strongly the innovation process in eco-design and social business.
- Establish the conditions for a International Court of the Environment, to be created by 2020, aiming particularly to define the responsibilities about transboundary environmental impact in marine areas, and those beyond national jurisdiction (like high seas).